Turkey fully restores diplomatic ties with Israel, while reiterating its support for the “Palestinian cause.”

Turkey vows not to abandon Palestine issue Israel announced on Wednesday August 17 the full restoration of diplomatic relations with Ankara and the return of ambassadors to both countries. “It was decided to raise the level of relations between the two countries to full diplomatic relations and to return ambassadors and consul generals to both countries”Israeli Prime Minister Yair Lapid said in a statement.

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu assured Turkey “I will not give up on the Palestinian issue” And so on “To defend the rights of the Palestinians, Jerusalem and Gaza”.

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However, the announcement was not well received by Hamas. “Any default with the occupier [israélien] legitimizing his presence in our lands”The movement reacted. “We expect all Arab, Muslim and allied countries to isolate the occupier and pressure them to respond to the legitimate rights of the Palestinians.”Bassem Naïm, a member of the armed Palestinian movement in Gaza, told Agence France-Presse.

Twelve years of cold diplomacy

Bilateral relations between Israel and Ankara have been strained since 2010 case Blue Marmara, when Israeli forces launched a deadly attack on a Turkish ship trying to deliver aid to the Gaza Strip, a Palestinian territory under Israeli blockade. After In this event, Ankara took several measures: expelling the Israeli ambassador, Termination of bilateral military agreementsProceedings before the International Court of Justice to challenge the Gaza blockade.

Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a strong supporter of Palestine, has frequently criticized Israeli policies toward the Palestinians. In May 2018, Turkey recalled its ambassador to Israel and fired the Israeli ambassador after about fifty Palestinians were killed by Israeli forces in Gaza. Israel retaliated by returning the Turkish Consul General to Jerusalem.

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Common strategic interests

Despite the tensions, Israelis and Turks maintained channels of discussion. Sometimes the secret, to lay the foundation for the normalization of their relations. Especially with the historic visit of Israeli President Isaac Herzog to Ankara in March 2022, the two countries have opened a new era in their relations. A visit to Jerusalem within the framework of this diplomatic shore at the end of May.

Already in November 2021, Mr. Erdogan spoke by phone with his Israeli counterpart and former prime minister Naftali Bennett – the first such talk since 2013 – to mark the release of an Israeli tourist couple detained in Turkey and return to their country. For spy work.

The announcement of resuming full relations comes at a time Turkey faces high inflation and a depreciating currency. In January 2022, Erdogan announced that his country was ready to cooperate with Israel on the Eastern Mediterranean gas pipeline project, which he once opposed.

In the wake of the discovery of deposits in the eastern Mediterranean, the issue of energy cooperation between the two countries has become more pressing as many European countries seek to reduce their dependence on Russian gas.

The world with AFP

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