How to talk about solutions? At the time War in Ukraine Illustrates economies addicted to hydrocarbons, staring at scenes that help control the world Global warming And avoid going blindly towards climate disaster.
“We are closing our eyes and walking towards climate catastrophe”
After more than a century and a half of development dedicated to fossil fuels, the planet has averaged +1.1 ° C compared to pre-industrial times, already experiencing heat waves, droughts, storms or catastrophic floods.
The warning issued by the UN Secretary-General on Monday, just before the start of the two-week talks of the UN Climate Experts (IPCC), is more astonishing than ever.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said, “We are walking with our eyes closed towards the climate catastrophe.” Objectives of the Paris Agreement.
World economies rely on fossil fuels “a madness”
He emphasized in a video conference during a conference organized by The Economist that the world’s economies’ dependence on fossil fuels was “insane.”
About 200 states began considering the IPCC’s new report on solutions to reduce emissions on Monday, which is due to be released online on April 4, after two weeks of heated debate over closed doors.
In the first part of its report, released in August 2021, the IPCC pointed to the acceleration of global warming, predicting that the +1.5 degree Celsius limit – the most ambitious scope of the Paris Agreement – would be reached compared to the pre-industrial era. Already reach 2030.
The second, at the end of February, painted a dark picture of past influences,The current and future of people and ecosystems emphasize that delaying action reduces the chances of a “habitable future”.
The third part is about the possible ways to control global warming
The third article will explore possible ways to mitigate global warming by breaking down the potential of key sectors (energy, transportation, industry, agriculture, etc.), without forgetting questions such as social acceptance and the location of technologies. Capture and carbon storage.
“We are talking about large-scale transformations in all key sectors, including energy, transportation, infrastructure, buildings, agriculture and food,” climatologist Celine Guerrero, one of the authors of the report, told AFP.
“This is an important statement issued at a critical time”
He added that if carbon neutrality is to be achieved by 2050, “major changes need to be made now”.
These questions, which affect our way of life, consumption and the very structure of production, run the risk of creating heated debates as 195 states line up word-for-word in these two weeks, “the summary for decision-makers.”, A summary of thousands of pages of scientific report.
Alton Meyer, an analyst with the E3G think tank, expects to talk about the conflict, in an environment still “burning” by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
On the climate front, he believes this war will “for a long time” give more impetus and impetus to the need to get out of gas and oil in general.
“This is an important statement issued at a crucial time for states, corporations and investors to reconsider their plans for rapid evacuation of fossil fuels and transition to sustainable and more resilient diets,” said Giza of Greenpeace. Kozonen commented.
According to the United Nations, the current commitments of the states, which, if respected, could lead to a “catastrophic” global warming of +2.7 ° C, signatories to the Paris Agreement calling for strengthening their ambitions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. By COP27 of the UN Climate Conference in Egypt in November.
But for COP26, which ended with “innocent hope”, for Antonio Guterres, the war in Ukraine could further derail climate action. With Russian hydrocarbon conversion policies, “fossils are becoming more dependent, and it is impossible to control global warming to + 1.5”, which is “under critical scrutiny” today.
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